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WoodLab 102

General Safety Requirements


Mandatory:

  • Safety glasses (provided)

  • Closed-toed shoes

  • Remove dangling jewelry

  • Tie back long hair

Recommended:

  • Hearing protection (provided)

  • Particle filter mask or dust mask


Review Safety Procedures


  • Closed toed shoes

  • All loose or dangly items must be secured and tucked in (i.e. drawstrings, shirt tails, sleeves tucked in)

  • Long hair must be tied back

  • Point out the following safety equipment:

    • Fire extinguisher (mounted near bathrooms)

    • First aid kits located at front desk

    • Minors (17 and under) must be accompanied by an adult who has taken the class

  • Remind students about safety gear required (safety glasses, closed toed shoes, hearing protection, no loose clothing)
  • Hands are never close to cutting/drilling/turning mechanisms
  • ALWAYS unplug a tool before servicing it/ changing bits or blades
  • In most cases, blade/bit should reach full speed before touching material
  • Ensure participants turn tool off before passing off to next person
  • Point out location of eyewash station

Woodshop Orientation

Review Basic Shop Layout:

  • Sanding booth

  • Cubbies

  • Communal Use Areas/Tools:

    • Tables with locking wheels

    • Hand and power tools

  • Private studios

  • Wood storage

  • Waste streams:  garbage vs. green wood vs. composites all separate

  • Sawdust treatment and disposal

  • How to keep things tidy - leave any areas you use BETTER than you found them

  • PPE, bits and other consumable available at front??



1.1 Name: Large Bandsaw/Re-saw                          

  • What it’s used for: cutting thicker pieces of wood; no curves

  • Parts: blade, guides, fence, brake

  • Important safety guidelines:

    • Never push into blade!

    • Keep hands far from blade!

    • Use push stick

    • Let blade stop (use brake) before grabbing anything too close (or use push stick)

    • Don’t push too hard

  • Dry demo - show mechanism with tool off

    • Dust extractor on

    • How to raise/lower throat

    • Make sure ceramic guides aren’t touching blade!

    • How to move fence

  • True demo on a test piece

  • Everyone in class gives a test run (optional for experienced class members)

  • Ceramic Blade alignment

    • Back of blade - round : 1/16” - 1/8“

    • Sides of blade - paper piece width


1.2 Small bandsaw

  • What it’s used for: cutting wood 3” thick or less, cutting curves in wood 1” or less

  • Parts: blade, guides, fence

  • Important safety guidelines:

    • Never push into the blade!

    • Keep hands far from blade!

    • Use push stick

    • Let the saw completely stop before grabbing anything too close (or use push stick)

    • Don’t push too hard

    • How to raise/lower throat

    • Make sure ceramic guides aren’t touching blade!

    • How to move fence

  • Instructor demo, then student demo


2. Name: Jointer       

  • What it’s used for: getting planks straight so they can be joined together flush

  • Parts: jointer, cutting edges, cover, fences

  • Important safety guidelines:

  • Only expose mini blade

  • Jointer: use yellow push blocks if material is shorter than back fence

    • Don’t stand in kickback zone (stand to side of machine, not front/back)

    • Dry demo - show mechanism with tool off

    • How to adjust cover and fences

    • Ensure you’re moving piece in proper direction

    • How to adjust how much you take off (lever)

    • How to switch between the two

    • bottom lever: in vs. out, etc

  • Max/min sizes:

    • Planer max = 13" wide

    • Planer min = 13" long

  • Don't try to joint anything too thin (must be over 1/4" thick)

  • True demo on a test piece

  • Everyone in class gives a test run (optional for experienced class members)


3. Name: Planer       

  • What it’s used for: getting planks straight so they can be joined together flush

  • Parts:

  • Caster lock

  • Feed Rateshifter

  • Gearbox

  • Table Handwheel

  • Return Rollers

  • Height / depth limiter

  • Starte on / off

  • Table lock handles

  • Lifting Handles

  • To move: Unlock Caster & Only move with lifting handles

  • .To change height:

  • make sure table lock handles are unlocked

  • Turn the table hand wheel

  • Make sure material clears height limitation


  • Change speed only when the machine is running

  • Minimum length is 12”

    • bottom lever: in vs. out, etc

  • Max/min sizes:

    • Planer max = 13" wide

    • Planer min = 13" long

  • Don't try to joint anything too thin (must be over 1/4" thick)

  • Clean virgin wood only

  • No nails / staples

  • No rocks

  • No metal

  • True demo on a test piece

  • Everyone in class gives a test run (optional for experienced class members)

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